- Safety Management Systems Roundtable
Safety Management Systems Roundtable
Papers and presentations
View Discussion Paper (PDF) (2.21 MB)
Discussion Paper, 4 August 2017
- Daniel Maurino, Independent Safety Consultant, Milton, Ontario, Canada
This discussion paper presents an introduction to safety management systems (SMS) as they apply to transportation organisations across modes and industries, and provides a broad overview of SMS and its processes, activities and tools. The discussion is grounded on conceptual foundations, but does not neglect the practical aspects of SMS implementation. The Discussion Paper draws to an extent – but not exclusively – on the experience of international civil aviation and the urban transit industry in the United States. The contents, however, are generic and presented in a fashion commensurate to the nature of SMS as a management system, the principles, processes and activities of which cut across inter-mode and inter-industry boundaries.
View Discussion Paper (PDF) (1.02 MB)
Discussion Paper, 4 August 2017
- Terry Kelly, Independent Safety Consultant, Ottawa, Canada
In almost all cases, the transport industry has adopted safety management systems (SMS) in response to a regulatory initiative. SMS vary dramatically across transport modes and jurisdictions – often because of the influence of different legacy regulatory programmes, and the attendant cultures. Consequently, there is no single path to guarantee a regulatory authority success in designing and implementing SMS regulations. For many, SMS has become a voyage of discovery, an experiment in proactive safety management that is being conducted in real time.
SMS has been a “step change” that has challenged industries in all modes of transport. It has severely taxed the capabilities of many regulatory authorities. It is arguably the most significant regulatory change that has occurred in the transportation industry in recent times.
Regulating SMS has often led to revised legislation, regulations or standards; whole scale restructuring of the regulatory agency; new or revised regulatory protocols, processes, activities, and tools; and new information technology (IT) and new processes for information management (IM).
SMS will continue to evolve in the coming decades. The paper draws on lessons learned to explore strategies that can be used to design, implement and operate the related regulatory programmes. Observations are provided to help decision makers manage the challenges they will predictably face. The critical role of dynamic, wide-reaching communications and strategic planning, with industry and within the regulatory organisation, is underlined.
- Jouni LappalainenSpecial Adviser, Finnish Transport Safety Agency, Finland
Jousting with Dragons: A Resilience Engineering Approach to Managing Safety Management Systems in the Transport SectorView Presentation, slides, speech (PDF) (181.84 KB)
- Eric Arne LofquistBI Norwegian Business School, Bergen, Norway
View Discussion Paper (PDF) (2.03 MB)
Discussion Paper, 11 August 2017
- Simon French Rail Accident Investigation Branch, UK
- Tabitha Steel Rail Accident Investigation Branch, UK
Since every Safety Management System (SMS) is intended to provide a framework by which an organisation manages risk, it is inevitable that accident investigators will take a close interest. The good investigator will always want to understand how the SMS was intended to control risk and how this
control failed when put to the test.
This paper seeks to provide a practitioner’s view on the investigation of SMS. In doing so it hopes to answer the following questions: What are the key elements of a typical safety management system that an investigator is likely to encounter? How should the role of these elements in the
causation of an accident be investigated? How have SMSs been featured in real investigations? How should the investigator address safety culture? Can investigations influence the shape of safety management systems?
Discussion Paper 2017-20
This Roundtable aims to share experiences of applying risk assessment to system safety management in different countries and modes. What has been found to work well and what barriers have been encountered? What lessons can be learned from one mode to another and how can we better assess risk to develop a more robust safety management system?