Social Impacts of Time and Space-Based Road Pricing Roundtable
Summary and Conclusions
This report assesses how road pricing impacts are distributed amongst citizens. It specifically examines how the reallocation of road space can improve the wellbeing of the community at large, looks at the relationship between road tolling and public transport pricing, and explores how simulation models can help develop measures to minimise negative impacts of road pricing. It also reviews current road pricing schemes in Sweden and Singapore. The report summarises the findings of an ITF Roundtable held in Auckland, New Zealand, in December 2017 that brought together 18 experts from eight countries.
Road pricing still remains highly controversial in public debates despite the strong consensus among economists about its effectiveness and feasibility. Several attempts to introduce road pricing have failed politically due to perceived equity concerns. Despite that, the social and distributional impacts on different stakeholders are still poorly assessed by practitioners.
The objectives of this Roundtable were to:
1. Understand the current state of international practices in conducting social and distributional impact analysis, specifically applied to road pricing assessment.
2. Share information on mitigation strategies to minimise the negative social and distributional impacts and maximise the effectiveness of such strategies.
3. Explore recent developments in social impact assessment and modelling methodologies used to inform the policy design, enhance transparency and identify and mitigate risks.