Transport and Covid-19: responses and resources

Container Port Automation: Impacts and Implications


This report provides an overview of the current state of automation in container ports. It shows which terminal activities have been automated in different ports and which additional activities might be automated in the future. It assesses if automation projects have achieved their objectives and identifies policy issues related to container terminal automation.

Policy Insights

  • Put more focus on flexible labour arrangements.
  • Better identify the costs and benefits of port automation projects.
  • Stimulate social dialogue and co-operation between employers and workers on port automation.
  • Address social costs of automation.

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