Urban Planning and Travel Behaviour Roundtable
In many cities, the spread dispersal of residential areas and economic activities is making car use a necessity. Urban sprawl means longer commutes and travel times with associated costs that include environmental degradation, increased costs of providing utilities and government services, reduced accessibility and economic opportunity for non-drivers, and increased transport costs overall.
Reducing urban sprawl, promoting public-transport-oriented growth and creating compact, walkable neighbourhoods that reduce vehicle kilometres travelled per person are priority areas for reducing the need for mobility which is reliant on cars. Spatial planning and land-use policies have persistent long-term effects: land-use decisions taken today will lock cities in specific development patterns for many years to come. In this context, compact urban development patterns and higher density combined with public transport planning have been highlighted as a way to avoid inefficient and costly patterns of development, encouraging citizens away from motorised transport.
This Roundtable examines the potential of strategies to improve accessibility and the efficiency of mobility through more integrated land use and transport policies. It assesses their potential and applicability in contrasting urban contexts across ITF Member countries. It looks into different mechanisms that aim at steering new developments to location-efficient sites, which offer easy access by sustainable modes; promoting compact and transit-oriented development.
The Roundtable reviews international best practice in integrating transport and urban planning and provides insights and recommendations for local and national governments.