Transport and Covid-19: responses and resources
Skip to main content

Life-cycle Assessment of Urban Transport Business Models

Lifecycle Assessment of Emerging Urban Transport Business Models image




This project examines the climate impact of personal and shared electric kick-scooters, bicycles, e-bikes, electric mopeds, as well as car-based ride-sharing services.

Users in cities across the globe are rapidly adopting new mobility forms, helped by digital connectivity and electrification technologies. New urban mobility services are often sold as “green” solutions. But what is their real impact on energy demand and greenhouse gas emissions?

This project analyses the life-cycle performance of a range of new vehicles and services based on their technical characteristics, operation and maintenance, and compares it with that of privately owned cars and public transport. It aims to identify solutions to make new mobility a useful part of the urban transport mix while helping to reduce energy use and limit climate change.

A workshop with 35 experts representing research laboratories, academic institutions, industry and international organisations kicked off the work for the project on 1 October 2019. The participants will be involved throughout the project, from helping to gather data to review findings to ensure the report addresses relevant questions, and in ways that are actionable for policy makers and business leaders.  A short discussion summary  is available here. The preliminary results of the analysis presented at the workshop and the questions framing the discussion are available here. The life-cycle assessment tool used for the analysis is available from

This project is an initiative of the ITF Corporate Partenership Board. The report will be published in July 2020.

Subscribe for free to ITF Publication Alerts and Newsletters.