Transport and Covid-19: responses and resources

Ten Stylised Facts About Household Spending on Transport

Policy Insights

  • Housing, transport and food are the main household budgetary drivers.
  • Share of transport on total household spending has remained relatively constant over time.
  • The share of transport in household expenditure increases with welfare.
  • The main driver of household spending is the ownership (and use) of cars.
  • Increased spending on transport by richer households is mainly directed to cars.
  • Transport spending structure and level changes dramatically only for households with the oldest consumers.
  • Unemployed and retired spend least on transport – but still rely on cars.
  • Bigger families spend more on transport (and use of car).
  • Degree of urbanisation has only a small impact on transport spending shares in rich countries.
  • Transport spending is rapidly increasing in China.

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